from being predestined by his firstborn status to serve as a priest. There are varying opinions as to the correct amount of silver, they fall in between 96.15 grams and 102 grams. google_ad_width = 120; 14. Guests in some places are given cloves of garlic and cubes of sugar to take home: these strongly flavored foods can be used to flavor a large quantity of food which will in some sense extend the mitzvah of participation in the ceremony to all who eat them. We must realize that all if from Him and to Him our eyes focus. When we acknowledge that our happiness comes because of G-d's goodness, then He will continue to help us, but when some one does not acknowledge G-d and His goodness, he is asking for problems. The father then recites two blessings. google_ad_height = 240; The same is true in the case of the first born son who was consecrated to G-d. Pidyon Haben, the redemption of the first born, is a rare mitzvah than can only be performed once in a lifetime and not everyone is able to do this mitzvah. The blessing of Shechiyanu is made at all instances when a special time or event has come to us. If there is no wine then another important beverage can be used. The reason is that the Levites, as substitutes for the first-born, are pledged to minister and assist the kohanim in Divine service, and cannot be redeemed from this service obligation. This is the mitzvah of redemption of the first born and requires special circumstances in order to perform it. The Vilna Gaon argues that that there is even more reason to permit doing pidyon haben via a shliach since pidyon haben is essentially repaying a debt. If the first born child happens to be a girl then the parents do not have a mitzvah to redeem her.
The father states that he prefers the child to the money, then he recites a blessing and hands over five silver coins (or an equivalent amount of total silver). The procedure does not apply when the father is a Kohen or Levite, and does not normally apply when the mother is the daughter of one. A pidyon haben ceremony is only required for a male firstborn who is, in the words of the Bible, “the opening of his mother’s womb.” If the mother previously had a miscarriage after 40 days of pregnancy, her womb is considered already opened, and no pidyon haben … And even when the first born child is a boy, if the father is a Kohen or a Levy or if the mother's father is either a Kohen or a Levy then also there is no mitzvah to perform.  Additionally, a first-born male does not require redemption if his birth was preceded by an earlier miscarriage by the mother that occurred after the third month of pregnancy. This is followed immediately by the blessing of Shechiyanu, "Blessed are You, L-rd, our G-d, King of the universe, who has granted us life, sustained us, and enabled us to reach this occasion." they would be 'bought back' from the dedication to God that would previously have been required of them. The Redemption of the First Born the Rare Mitzvah. The redemption is attained by giving five silver coins to a Kohen (a patrilineal descendant of the priestly family of Aaron). The Kohen now recites the blessing over wine. The first fruit was dedicated to G-d as part of our inner acknowledgement of His eternal goodness towards us for renewing the season and giving us fresh fruits. The child must be the first born son to a father who is neither a Kohen nor Levy and the mother's father must not be a Kohen or a Levy. Coins which do not contain the requisite amount of silver do not result in a valid redemption.  If the family is sephardic, the event starts with the ceremony. If the previous miscarriage occurred after forty days, but before the fetus developed distinguishing characteristics, redemption of the first-born is still required, but the blessing said by the father is omitted.. While the redemption could be performed immediately after dark on the 31st night, it is usually done the next day; but if the 31st day is a fast day, it is done the previous night, so that it can be accompanied by a festive meal. Here are the five sela'im which is required of me for the redemption.  It is also possible to hold the ceremony on the 30th day itself, if it will be impossible to perform it the next day, so long as at least one Synodic month (29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, and 2.9 seconds) has passed since the moment of birth. Pidyon Haben, the redemption of the first born, is a rare mitzvah than can only be performed once in a lifetime – and not everyone is able to do this mitzvah. Since this mitzvah is rare - we may safely assume that at least fifty percent of all births are female, and that many births are second or third (or more) births for the mother, the possibility of performing this mitzvah is quite small. The redemption is done by the father by giving to a Kohen five sela'im or shekels (see Numbers 18:15).
In the Hebrew Bible the laws (see mitzvah) concerning the redemption of the first-born male are referred to in Exodus, Numbers and Leviticus: Every firstborn of man among your sons, you shall redeem. ", The Kohen asks him, "What would you prefer to have your first born son or the five sel'ayim which you are obligated to give me for the redemption of your son? One may use silver bullion as well; it is not necessary for it to be a coin per se. A family never performs the ceremony if its firstborn is a girl, born by caesarian section, preceded by a miscarriage, or if either grandfather is a Kohen or a Levite.
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